• english;

MS Word (*.doc, *.docx)



3,000-7,000 words including tables, illustrations, and list of references

Times New Roman

2 cm on all sides


12 pt



presented in two languages: Ukrainian and English; when translating literature into English, the use of transliteration is unacceptable.

  • Tables, figures, graphs, and formulas should be numbered and submitted after their mention in the text (notes are placed directly below the table/figure/graph). All abbreviations must be spelled out at the first mention in the text.
  • Equation must be created in Equation Editor, variable mathematical values in the text according to the formulas are typed in italics.
  • Figures and graphs should be centred, text wrapping around the image is prohibited.
  • All dimensions of physical quantities should be submitted in accordance with the International System of Units (SI). There is a space between units of measurement, symbols, and numbers to which they refer.

The presentation of the material in a scientific article should be logical and consistent, and strictly adhere to the following structure:

left justification

no more than 12 words; presented in Ukrainian and English; centre justification, uppercase, bold

presented in Ukrainian and English: centre justification. The name, patronymic and surname are prescribed in full.
The following must be indicated:

  • structural divisions of the institution where they work;
  • full official names and legal addresses of the authors' institutions;
  • contact email addresses.

submitted in Ukrainian and English with identical content (at least 1,800-2100 characters, including keywords). The abstract should be informative (not contain general words), structured (follow the logic of the article presentation), and meaningful (disclose the main research results, clearly formulate the relevance, goal, methods of problem analysis, as well as the prospects for further research). The abstract should not contain abbreviations, footnotes, and references. English translation must be professional, without the use of online translators.

4-7 words or phrases related to the subject matter do not duplicate the title of the article and do not consist of common words.

The current state of the problem at the domestic and world levels is highlighted, the latest research and publications are analysed with references to scientific articles over the past 3-5 years. The purpose and objectives of the study are substantiated. References to literature must be submitted in square brackets, indicating the ordinal number of the cited work from the list of used literature. One citation should not mention more than 3 sources. The recommended size is 500 words or more.

This section is optional and should contain the results of research by scientists who analysed certain aspects of the subject matter. Each name of the researcher must be accompanied by a corresponding reference from the list of references. The recommended size is 400 words or more.

The section describes the main stages of the study and justifies the choice of the methods, techniques, approaches or actions used to obtain new scientific results. The strategies and criteria for sampling (if the article contains an empirical part) are explained, the experimental basis of the study is noted. The Materials and Methods section is mandatory in the structure of scientific article. Recommended size – 500 words or more.

The section presents the main material of the study with full justification of the scientific results obtained. Tabular or graphical materials are necessarily accompanied by the results of statistical data processing. Sources are placed under tables and figures. Value judgments should be avoided, as well as the elements of the description of the methodology and direct repetition of the data presented in the tables and graphic material in the text of the article. Numerical results should be rounded in accordance with established rules, taking into account the mean research error, confidence interval or distribution of values. Research results must be sufficiently substantiated, methodologically correct, have novelty and practical value.

The discussion should be based on the interpretation of the research results. The most important scientific facts established are involved in the consideration, taking into account the previous data and analysis, in accordance with the literary sources on the current state of the problem with references to the works of a similar direction of research conducted in other countries.

The Results and Discussion section should be the largest in terms of volume. The recommended size is 1500 words or more.

Conclusions should fully and specifically reflect the results of research, correspond to the purpose and title of the study, word-by-word duplication in the abstract is unacceptable. Recommended size – 150 to 250 words.

The section is optional, which expresses gratitude to individuals or organisations, whose financial (material) support made the study possible.

Filed in two versions: in English and Ukrainian. The list of references should represent new sources (over the past 3 years) and 30% of scientific papers that are indexed in the Scopus and Web of Science databases. References to author's own scientific articles should be avoided (no more than 10% self-citation is allowed). It is undesirable to use Internet publications other than scientific (sources must be available), lecture notes, reports, abstracts, and theses. The list of references should consist of at least 15 sources.