STATE AND TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE BANKING SYSTEM IN THE CONTEXT OF STRUCTURAL REFORM OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY OF UKRAINE

Abstract.

The relevance of the study lies in the fact that the fulfilment of the potential of the banking system is capable of providing positive structural changes in the economy of Ukraine. The purpose of the study is to analyse the state and trends of the banking system of Ukraine in the focus of its impact on the structural reform of the national economy. The study used methods of statistical analysis (to analyse the state and dynamics of the banking system) and the analogue method (to identify the extent of the development of the banking system on structural changes in the economy). It was substantiated that the effective functioning of the banking system is key to successful economic development of the national economy, in particular its reform. It is proved that a mechanism of redistribution of financial resources and money acts through the banking system; therefore, they are mobilised and involved in economic circulation in those sectors of the economy that need it most. The state and trends of development of the banking system as preconditions of fulfilment of its potential in structural reform of national economy are generalised. As a result of the analysis of the state and trends of the banking system, both their positive and negative features were identified. It is proved that in Ukraine, at the present stage of development of the national economy, the banking system has been cleared of low-liquid and conditionally fictitious banking structures, the volumes of assets, in particular highly liquid ones, are growing, and the loan portfolio of banks is improving, their financial results, liquidity and solvency, resistance to currency shocks, bank lending to the economy increase. The study also demonstrated that the country's banking system is described by a number of systemic shortcomings, especially the high level of concentration of bank capital and deposits in the largest banks, as well as state banks in a number of segments of the banking sector by number of departments, ATMs, terminals, active payment cards. There is a trend to weaken the penetration of the banking sector into the economy, especially in terms of affordable lending to individuals and strategic sectors of the economy. The practical value of the study lies in the fact that based on the identified shortcomings of the banking system and its impact on structural reforms, strategic lines of work for improving government regulation in this area have been identified

Keywords: economic development, performance indicators of banks, the amount of financial resources, lending to the economy, systemic shortcomings

https://doi.org/10.48077/scihor.23(12).2020.84-98